Journal of Disability and Oral Health

cover art

Cover Date:
June 2014
Print ISSN:
1470-8558
Vol:
15
Issue:
2

Comparative assessment of caries risk using Cariogram model among individuals with intellectual disability in Udaipur, India – a cross sectional study

Background: Cariogram, an interactive computer program evaluates several factors such as host response, pathogens and cariogenicity of the diet involved in the development of caries and gives an individual interpretation of caries risk. Aim and objectives: To compare the caries risk of a cohort of individuals with and without intellectual disability (ID), using the Cariogram model and to assess the contribution of diet, bacteria, circumstances and susceptibility sectors. Methodology: A Cariogram model was used to create caries risk profiles in 100 individuals (40 with ID; 60 without ID) aged 7-16 years. Data were collected regarding demographic details, caries experience, related general disease, diet content, diet frequency, plaque amount, mutans streptococci count, fluoride programme, saliva secretion amount and saliva buffer capacity. Chi-square/Fischer’s exact and stepwise multiple linear regression were used for statistical analysis. Results: Compared to the non-ID group (74%), those individuals with ID (33%) showed less chance of avoiding caries. Factors such as caries experience, diet, plaque, mutans streptococci count and salivary buffer capacity had significantly higher values in the ID group. Conclusion: Caries risk was high among individuals with ID. Susceptibility sector illustrated the highest contribution for caries risk among both groups.

Key words: Caries risk, Cariogram, cross sectional, intellectual disability, risk factors

Doi: 10.4483/JDOH_ Nagarajappa08

Article Price
£15.00
Institution Article Price
£
Page Start
40
Page End
46
Authors
R Nagarajappa, H Daryani, AJ Sharda, K Asawa, M Tak, S Sanadhya, M Batra, G Ramesh

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  1. Editorial - Challenging continuing education in SCD
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  1. Development and qualitative evaluation of a communication tool for children with autism spectrum disorders and other communication difficulties
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  1. Comparative assessment of caries risk using Cariogram model among individuals with intellectual disability in Udaipur, India – a cross sectional study
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  1. National levels of reported difficulty in tooth and denture cleaning among an ageing population with intellectual disabilities in Ireland
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