Community Dental Health

cover art

Cover Date:
March 2018
Print ISSN:
0265 539X
Electronic ISSN:

The relationship between depression and periodontal diseases

Objective: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether depression is associated with periodontal diseases in a representative sample of South Korean adults Methods: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI), conducted in 2014. We included in this study 4328 participants aged over 20 years (1768 males and 2560 females). Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and history of physician-diagnosed depression. Periodontal diseases were assessed a gingival bleeding, calculus and periodontal pockets. The data were analyzed using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. Results: People with any periodontal diseases tended to be old, male, married, low income, poor education, blue-collar occupation, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, overweight, smoking, not using dental floss or interdental brush in univariate analysis. Neither self-reported nor diagnosed depression was associated with the presence of any or severe periodontal disease in the total sample. In participants aged 20-29 years only, the presence of any periodontal disease was associated with self-reported depression (OR, 2.031; 95% CI, 1.011-4.078). In the same age group, the presence of severe periodontal disease was associated with both self-reported depression (OR, 6.532; 95% CI, 2.190-19.483) and diagnosed depression (OR, 7.729; 95% CI, 1.966-30.389). Conclusion: Self-reported depression was significantly associated with the presence of any or severe periodontal disease, and diagnosed depression was significantly associated with severe periodontal diseases only in participants aged 20-29 years.

Keywords: Depression, periodontal diseases, age groups


Article Price
Institution Article Price
Page Start
Page End
Sang Hee Hwang, Shin Goo Park

Articles from this issue

  • Title
  • Pg. Start
  • Pg. End

  1. Editorial - Logos, Ethos and Pathos: Whither academia and public health in a post-truth world?
  2. 3
  3. 4

  1. Review and action plan for oral health improvement in Sheffield special schools
  2. 5
  3. 8

  1. Impact of stress on dentists’ clinical performance. A systematic review
  2. 9
  3. 15

  1. Illness perceptions amongst individuals with dental caries
  2. 16
  3. 22

  1. The relationship between depression and periodontal diseases
  2. 23
  3. 29

  1. The use of cost-utility analysis for the evaluation of caries prevention: an exploratory case study of two community-based public health interventions in a high-risk population in the UK
  2. 30
  3. 36

  1. A systematic review of interventions using cue-automaticity to improve the uptake of preventive healthcare in adults: applications to dental visiting
  2. 37
  3. 46

  1. Turkish Adaptation of Dentine Hypersensitivity ExperienceQuestionnaire (DHEQ)
  2. 47
  3. 51

  1. Recall intervals and time used for examination and prevention by dentists in child dental care in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden in 1996 and 2014
  2. 52
  3. 57

  1. Obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth,United Kingdom: A Spatial Analysis
  2. 58
  3. 64